You can easily propagate your plants with minimal cost and effort and create green gifts made with love… and maybe a little rooting hormone. Houseplants are a fun and different gift to give that can be enjoyed throughout the year and shared with others. Truly a gift that keeps on giving! There are various methods you can use to multiply your plants but we are just going to touch on the two simplest ones; divisions and cuttings.
You will need plants, pots and soil for both. Containers of water or some rooting powder will also be needed if the cutting method is used.
Overgrown plants are the perfect candidates for division – a near instantaneous way to gain more plants. A few plants that may fall into this category are Boston Ferns, African Violets and Peace Lilies.
|BOSTON FERN||AFRICAN VIOLET||PEACY LILY|
- Start with turning the plant upside down and wiggling the plant out of its pot. Be careful with the plant, avoiding any damage to the stems and foliage as you loosen and free the plant from the pot.
- Once you have freed the plant, inspect it for natural clumps or divisions in the roots that you can tease apart with your hands, without breaking off the stems. If the roots are too compacted you may need to use a tool, such a knife or pruners to divide them.
- Once your plant is divided, you can place each division into their new homes. Select containers that are slightly bigger in both width and depth than the plant’s root ball. Fill with potting mix, allowing enough room at the top to water thoroughly, then press soil in firmly to secure the plant.
Cuttings can also be used to multiply your plants in just a few easy steps, but will take a bit longer to be fully rooted plants. Vining plants are especially suited to cutting propagation.
- Cut off a 3 to 5 inch long piece of the main stem, just below where the leaf and stem meet. Remove the lowest third of the leaves from the stems.
Now, you can either get your cutting to grow roots (called; rooting) in water, or in soil using rooting hormones.
- If you choose water, go ahead and stick that bare stem into a small container of water and watch for root formation over several weeks. Once those roots begin to grow, transfer your cutting to its new container and grow on!
- You can also root the cutting in a pot filled with potting soil by using rooting hormone powder.
This method involves:
- Dipping the stem into the hormone powder
- Tapping off the excess
- Making a hole for sticking the stem into the moist soil
- Then giving it a light tug in a few weeks to see if the roots are forming
Follow the specific instructions provided on the rooting hormone bottle and you’ll be seeing new growth before you know it!