Flower Bio: Roses


Flower Bio: Roses
  • Posted December 5, 2014

Botanical Family: Rosaceae (Rose Family)

Related To: apples, strawberries, dogwood, hawthorn, lady's mantle

Born In: Asia is the homeland for most of the 100-plus species of roses, though a number of species originated in Europe and North America, as well.

Bred By: Empress Josephine, the first wife of Napoleon, is considered the earliest of the great rose collectors and is responsible for many of the old-fashioned varieties that are still planted today; Henry Bennett was the first 'rosarian' to use modern breeding techniques, developing the perennially popular 'hybrid tea' roses in the mid-19th century; David Austin of Shropshire, England is known as the originator of English roses and has introduced nearly 200 varieties since he started breeding in 1969

All-Star Varieties: 'Gertrude Jekyll' (fluffy petals with the quintessential old-fashioned rose fragrance); 'Cecile Brunner' (strong climber); 'Mister Lincoln' (classic deep red rose for cutting with excellent fragrance)

Rose Gertrude Jekyll Rose Cecile Brunner Rose Mr. Lincoln
'Gertrude Jekyll'

'Cecile Brunner'

©Flickr/Malcolm Manner

'Mr. Lincoln'

©Flickr/Tracie Hall

Fun Fact: William Radler is one of the most famous rose breeders today, having released the highly disease resistant 'Knock Out' rose in 2000, which has become the best-selling variety in history. Radler still breeds his roses in the basement and backyard of his suburban home, where he intentionally saturates the growing area with the fungal diseases that cause so many problems for rose growers, based on the idea that the roses he produces will be inherently disease resistant — a hypothesis that Knock Outs have proven to be true.

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Brian Barth
About the Author

After 15 years as a professional landscape designer and horticulturalist, Brian Barth embarked on a second career to share his passion—and the knowledge he's accrued—through writing. His love of plants is all-encompassing, but he has a particular soft spot for culinary crops.


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Flower Bio: Roses
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